National Database Contents

Minority Health Project
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

National Institute of Health

Many databases are included from the National Institute of Health (NIH). The NIH database listings are divided into departments.

The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development contains databases on studies of risk factors and effects of premature, low birth weight, and small-for-gestational-age births, conditions which are most common in Black children. Blacks and communities with a high proportion of Black residents are therefore oversampled. The remainder of databases in this division contain information on behavior changes due to AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases. Several of these databases focus on Blacks and Hispanics.

The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases has contributed databases, a majority of which concentrate on the prevalence, incidence, and risk factors for diabetes within different racial groups. Separate databases are available from studies conducted on Pima Indians, Gila River Indian Community, Mexican Americans, and Hispanics. The remainder of the NIDDKD databases in this catalog deal with renal disease. Since the incidence of renal disease amongst Blacks is 14 times higher than the general population, these studies focus primarily on Blacks.

The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke has contributed databases on a diverse group of Neurological Disorders. Several databases concentrate on stroke and AIDS health outcomes for certain minority groups. Also included are databases on coma, complications due to diabetes, neonatal brain hemorrhage, child development and disease patterns in primitive cultures.

The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute have submitted a majority of databases of studies of coronary heart disease (CHD) in different racial groups. Separate databases study CHD within the following: 1) Japanese in Hawaii, 2) Biracial groups of children in Louisiana, 3) Blacks in Charleston, 4) Native Americans, and 5) four separate communities (one being exclusively black). Another database studies risk factors among 18-30 year olds. Finally, a database is included from a study comparing obesity between Whites and Blacks.

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases has many databases that reflect specific minority health concerns. Databases on AIDS make up the majority of databases in this division, with studies specific to: 1) Black and Hispanic Heterosexuals, 2) Black and Hispanic mother to daughter transmissions, 3) homosexual and bisexual men, 4) and an international study, with a large cohort of Black men in Baltimore. The remaining databases deal with asthma in inner city minority children, and chlamydia and vaginal infection, mainly amongst Blacks.

The National Eye Institute has submitted separate studies on glaucoma infecting Blacks in Barbados and in Baltimore. Moreover, there are databases from surveys on public knowledge of eye health and disease among minority groups. There is also a database on retinopathy among Mexican American diabetics.

The National Cancer Institute's databases are mainly cancer surveillance and statistics. One of the surveillance databases is specific to non-Whites. Another is specific to Alaskan natives. And a third specific to American Indians and Alaskan Natives.

Several other NIH Divisions have included databases, although not as numerous as the aforementioned departments. The National Institute on Aging has several studies comparing the aging process in Blacks and Whites, and a database specifically on the health problems of elderly Hispanics. The National Library of Medicine has included data from several electronic information "outreach" programs. The National Institute of Dental Health has dental health databases for the general population, Hispanics, children, and seniors.

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University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Public Health