Citations on social causation, "race", SES

(Courtesy of Jay S. Kaufman, Ph.D)

  1. Cooper RS. A note on the biologic concept of race and its application in epidemiologic research. American Heart Journal 1984; 108: 715-723.
  2. Cooper RS, David R. The biological concept of race and its application to public health and epidemiology. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 1986; 11: 97-115.
  3. Cooper RS. Health and the social status of blacks in the United States. Ann Epidemiol 1993; 3(2):137-144.
  4. Crews DE & Bindon JR. Ethnicity as a taxonomic tool in biomedical and biosocial research. Ethnicity & Disease 1991; 1: 42-49.
  5. Cruickshank JK, Beevers DG, (eds.) Ethnic Factors in Health and Disease. Boston: Wright, 1989.
  6. Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget, "Race and Ethnic Standards for Federal Statistics and Administrative Reporting." Statistical Policy Directive No. 15. Federal Register 1994 (June 9); 59 FR 29831-29835.
  7. Fiscella K, Franks P, Gold MR, Clancy CM. Inequality in quality: Addressing socioeconomic, racial and ethnic disparities in health care. JAMA 2000; 283(19): 2579-2584.
  8. Ford ES, Cooper RS. Implications of race/ethnicity for health and health care use. Health Services Research 1995; 30: 237-252.
  9. Herman AA. Toward a conceptualization of race in epidemiologic research. Ethnicity and Disease 1996; 6(1-2): 7-20.
  10. Jones CP, LaVeist TA, Lillie-Blanton M. 'Race' in the epidemiologic literature: An examination of the American Journal of Epidemiology, 1921-1990. Amer J Epidemiol 1991; 134: 1079-1084.
  11. Kaufman JS, Cooper RS. Epidemiologic research on minority health: In search of the hypothesis. Public Health Reports 1995; 110(6): 662-666.
  12. Kaufman JS. How inconsistencies in racial classification demystify the race construct in public health statistics. Epidemiology 1999a; 10 (2): 101-3.
  13. Kaufman JS. Progress and pitfalls in the social epidemiology of cancer. Cancer Causes and Control 1999b, 10(6): 489-494.
  14. Kaufman JS, Cooper RS, McGee DL. Socioeconomic status and health in blacks and whites: The problem of residual confounding and the resiliency of race. Epidemiology 1997; 8(6): 621-628.
  15. Kaufman JS, Cooper RS. Seeking causal explanations in social epidemiology. American Journal of Epidemiology 1999 150(2):113-20.
  1. King G. Institutional racism and the medical/health complex: A conceptual analysis. Ethnicity and Disease 1996; 6: 30-46.
  2. LaVeist TA. Beyond dummy variables and sample selection: What health services researchers ought to know about race as a variable. Health Services Research 1994; 29(1): 1-16.
  3. Link BG, Phelan J. Social conditions as fundamental causes of disease. J Health Soc Behav 1995; 38 (Extra Issue): 80-94.
  4. McKenney NR, Bennett CE. Issues regarding data on race and ethnicity: The Census Bureau experience. Public Health Reports 1994; 109(1): 16-25.
  5. McKenzie K, Crowcroft NS. Describing race, ethnicity, and culture in medical research. BMJ 1996; 312: 1054
  6. Morgenstern H. Defining and explaining race effects. Epidemiology 1997; 8: 609-610.
  7. Moss N. What are the underlying sources of racial differences in health? Ann Epidemiol 1997; 7: 320-321.
  8. Muntaner C, Nieto FJ, O'Campo P. The Bell Curve: On race, social class, and epidemiologic research. Amer J Epidemiol 1996; 114:531-536.
  9. Senior PA, Bhopal R. Ethnicity as a variable in epidemiologic research. BMJ 1994; 309: 327-330.
  10. Stolley PD. Race in epidemiology. Int J Health Services 1999; 29(4): 905-909.
  11. Williams DR. Race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status: measurement and methodological issues. Int J Health Services 1996; 26(3): 483-505.
  12. Williams DR. Race and health: basic questions, emerging directions. Ann Epidemiol 1997; 7: 322-333.
  13. Witzig R. The medicalization of race: scientific legitimization of a flawed social construct. JAMA 1996; 125(8): 675-679.